The Origins of Halloween Costumes: A Quick History
We celebrate Halloween by gorging on candy and dressing in strange costumes - a set of behaviors that would be bizarre on any other day of the year. What are the roots of our annual costume wearing? How did this all come to be?
Halloween is a celebration for young children in their bid to get some candy. For adults, it's a celebration in their bid to have a super fun time. Candy is optional in the latter case. But the costumes aren't optional in most cases.
Enough chit-chat - now onto our highly abbreviated history of Halloween costumes and how Halloween started.
A Brief History of the Origins of the Halloween Costume
Halloween was originally an ancient Celtic celebration called Samhain. On that day, people would start fires and wear monstrous disguises in an attempt to scare away evil spirits.
The costumes must have worked because we haven't stopped doing it.
This pagan observance was the elemental root of our modern tradition of wearing costumes on Halloween night. We owe it all to the history and superstitions of Samhain. Without this bit of history, there would be no costumes on Halloween.
Long after the demise of the original pagan culture, we still put on our Halloween costume attire. We don't need to scare away any ghosts, but we still take part in this tradition. What drives us to take part in this eccentric behavior that is so different from our regular day-to-day existence?
The Evolution of the Halloween Costumes Tradition
Long ago, we dressed in costumes out of fear. We believed the dead were coming for us, and so we disguised ourselves in a multitude of costumes and masks. We saw this as a way to protect ourselves from evil forces.
The next significant evolution of Halloween was during the Middle Ages. Here the motivation for wearing costumes shifted from fear to a need for amusement. We no longer wore masks to protect ourselves from the undead. We wore them mostly for our own entertainment.
People in the middle ages would dress like legendary heroes, mythical monsters, and biblical saints. On Halloween, they also took part in simple rituals that paid homage to various deities.
Things picked up steam (pun intended) in the nineteenth century.
With the advent of an industrialized society, Halloween as a tradition started to spread in the Western world. The yearly celebration had left behind its pagan origins and was now a secular event. The meaning of the costume was no longer tied to its pagan history.
The people, at that time, mainly dressed as famous historical figures and politicians at these early Halloween masquerade balls.
Later on, during the thirties, the marketing of Halloween began in earnest. Halloween was now on the verge of a newfound popularity.
Halloween costumes went from being hand-crafted items for those that had the time or money to something a more mainstream audience could buy. The first packaged mass-produced costumes hit the market during this decade.
The thirties gave birth to the Halloween costume industry. The costume companies would only grow larger and larger from here.
Three Reasons We Wear a Costume on Halloween
Now and probably forever, Halloween costume parties remain a staple of the celebration. We will, in all probability, get together in costumes a hundred years from now and have too many drinks at a late-night Halloween party. The tradition will endure far past our lifetimes.
Your typical Halloween partygoer tends to dress up for mainly the following three reasons.
1. Psychological Reasons for Costumes
Putting on a costume and acting in an exaggerated manner is a way to temporarily escape your everyday reality. Expressing yourself in a way you normally wouldn't can be a rewarding activity.
You become someone else for a little while, and the concerns of day-to-day life are suddenly greatly diminished. This creative act of make-believe can serve as a helpful release from life's regular stresses.
2. Societal Reasons for Costumes
A Halloween party is an excellent opportunity to meet new people in an atmosphere constructed for friendly social interaction. In this kind of gathering, it's super easy to meet new people.
There is a sort of connection you feel when everyone is wearing a costume. You form a temporary kind of group by agreeing on a standard of attire.
The costume and setting itself make social interaction easier than it would be on almost any other holiday.
3. Cultural Reasons for Costumes
Halloween sometimes represents an intersection between culture and tradition. You can draw upon the legends and myths of your nation or ancestral heritage for your Halloween celebration.
A costume can serve as a symbol of one's heritage. It can be a way to honor your heritage and community while having a whole lot of fun celebrating.
The Evolution and Timelessness of Costumes
The most popular outfits for Halloween have changed over the decades, but specific categories have remained strong. There are certain types of costumes that are timeless.
Categories like heroes, monsters, animals, and celebrities will always serve as the basis for costumes.
We tend to dress up like the things we worship and love… and the things that scare us.
Characters from classic books and movies/TV, like Willy Wonka, Cinderella, and Spider-Man, serve as inspiration for many Halloween costumes.
Another source of inspiration is monsters. We love our vampires, zombies, and wolf people.
Every now and then, a new contender, like Pennywise from IT or the Demogorgon from Stranger Things, feeds our imagination and inspires a new wave of monster costumes.
As long as we make stories, we will have new ideas for Halloween each and every year. Halloween is a testament to our collective imagination.
We Dress in Costumes Every October Because We Love It
Nowadays, every modern Halloween party centers on costumes and socialization.
The tradition of dressing up for Halloween has moved far away from its original intent. It is now something far less superstitious and far more fun.
The tradition continues to this day through things like house parties, where for just one brief night, we can lose ourselves in the moment and truly have fun.